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Crossing the Rubicon

1,195 words

“Sardines” rally in Bologna. (Andreas Solaro, for AFP.)

“Ālea iacta est” — “The die has been cast” — Julius Caesar.

My heart sank when I saw the flash mob, nicknamed the Sardines, crowding the 15th-century Piazza Maggiore in Bologna to oppose Matteo Salvini’s Lega campaign launch in the PalaDozza, waving their banners and chanting their slogan: “Bologna non si Lega!” The allegedly grassroots political movement decided to take a stand against the League and its charismatic leader in the Emilia-Romagna district, an area that has long been a fervent Communist stronghold since the time of the Second World War.

TV commentators compared the phenomenon — which drew 7,000 onto the streets of Modena, 25,000 to the Piazza Duomo in Milan, 30,000 to the Piazza della Repubblica in Florence, 10,000 to the Piazza San Giovanni in Rome, 40,000 to the Piazza Castello in Turin, and many more to demonstrations staged in Naples and Palermo — to the Girotondi and Purple People who had marched against Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi in the past.

But this was much more uniformly organized and far better orchestrated. It’s as if the people behind it had mastered the art of choreographing a spontaneous outburst of indignation through the experience they had already gained during the various Colored Revolutions the world has witnessed over the last few decades.

Indeed, in Rome, the Sardines’ thin-faced and floppy-haired de facto leader, Mattia Santori, lived up to his probable paymaster’s expectations by demanding that Giuseppe Conte’s government condemn hate speech, withdraw laws that placed barriers in the way of migrants coming to Europe, and welcomed the return of the Open Seas initiative facilitating relatively easy transit between North Africa and Italian ports for so-called refugees, which was temporarily stopped by Salvini’s government.

It’s the very same multicultural agenda that George Soros so generously sponsors through his Open Society Foundations and their adjuncts like the Central European University. The faculty there would no doubt choose to suspend the capability of sovereign countries to deport dangerous immigrants, and prefer instead for the EU in Brussels to create new protections for those very same people — principles that underpinned very similar protests in Paris, Brussels, and Berlin.

The “Welcome Back to the Sea” rally held in the huge Piazza VIII Agosto in Bologna hosted bands like Manuel Agnelli’s Milanese group Afterhours, Turin based Subsonica, the rapper Marracash, left-leaning folksters Modena City Ramblers, and the patchanka stylists Casa di Vento. It reminds one of the Rock Against Racism gigs held all over the UK during the late 1970s by the Trotskyite Socialist Worker’s Party that gave top billing to popular punk groups like The Clash in order to win over the young and impressionable and demonize the British National Front.

The numbers are alarming: 600,000 migrants have entered Italy in the last four years [1], and an official police report indicates that between 60% to 70% of all violent crime in the country and 85% of all property theft is committed by migrants. [2] Not to mention the escalating rate of rapes — like those recently committed by a Bangladeshi on a Finnish au pair in Rome, or the four Africans gang-raping a Polish tourist in Rimini.

None of this seems to faze Massimiliano Panarari, a politics professor at Rome’s Luis University, who argues that the main importance of the Sardines “is to mobilize people and build the fight against Salvini.” [3]

These upcoming elections will be something akin to a second Crossing of the Rubicon for the Italian electorate: A stark and apocryphal dilemma. Literally, a black or white choice between Sardines and Centurions.

The former, closely linked to Nicola Zingaretti, secretary of the center-left Democratic Party and warmly endorsed by former Prime Minister Romano Prodi who said: “They are formidable and should not be colonized or exploited by any party.” The latter is predicted to form a coalition with other right-wing parties, like Berlusconi’s faltering Forza Italia and the aforementioned Brothers of Italy — a prospect that sends the anti-fascist and anti-racist Sardines into a frenzy:

Something big is happening,” said Alessandra Giordano, a 24-year-old student braving the downpour in Milan, Salvini’s hometown to support the Sardines, “It’s time to let them know we’ve woken up against racism, hatred, people fighting each other. Populism divides us – for example, trying to make us fear people coming from war and other countries. We don’t want this. [4]

Panarari believes this ethos could be used to transform the Sardines into an organized structure to mobilize voters, which in turn would result in “prominent Sardine members being invited to join the existing left-wing parties.” [3] This should hardly surprise anyone given that the entire raison-d’etre of the movement is to present a street-based army to intimidate and harass populists while allowing the media to extol the virtues of these democratic defenders — all while trading in the usual rhetoric about the dangers of a 21st century Blackshirt March on Rome.

This concept, I suspect, may well be on the mind of Giorgia Meloni, a slang-talking firebrand from the working-class suburb of Garbatella in Rome. She’s been favorably compared to her French counterparts, Marine and Marion-Marechal Le Pen. She’s a forthright graduate of the Italian Social Movement’s Youth Wing, who in an interview was quoted as saying “I have a serene relationship with fascism.” [5] Her party regularly presses for streets and palazzos to be named after Giorgio Almirante, the founder of the post-Mussolini Italian Social Movement. Meloni is a personage who according to Professor Luigi Di Gregorio, based in the faculty of political science at Tucsia University, leads a movement that appreciates Salvini’s work but believe he is too “simplistic, over-exposed in the media, and not very sophisticated.” [6] In essence, a party whose cadres are far more ideologically orientated to thinkers like Julius Evola and historical heroes like Garibaldi and Mazzini who strove to unify their nation rather than someone like Salvini, who first came into politics through the pro-separatist Northern League.

If only for that reason alone, any influence Meloni and her The Brothers of Italy can have on the irrepressible Salvini will be inordinately valuable. The danger of “selfie politics,” like that of the cult of the personality, is that it dies with the leader — a fact that is not lost on the Italians. The opportunities offered by the rise of Salvini and national populism across Europe, in general, are too good to miss.

Steady hands on the ideological tiller of the various regional variations that are emerging across our homelands will ensure sustainable and long-term benefits, not only for the individual countries in question — such as Italy — but also for Western Civilization as a whole.


[1] Ellyat, Holly. “‘Pack your bags,’ Italy’s new leaders tell 500,000 illegal migrants — but it’ll cost them.” CNBC, archived 10 February 2020. [] [–but-itll-cost-them.html]

[2] Pinotti et al, “Immigration Policy and Crime,” Fondazione Rofolfo Debenedetti, (2013): 59. []

[3] Guiffrida, Angela. “Italy’s Sardines movement calls mass demo to squeeze out Salvini.” The Guardian, archived 10 February 2020. [] []

[4] Lowen, Mark. “Italy’s Sardines push back against Salvini’s nationalist tide.” BBC News, archived 10 February 2020. [] []

[5] Squires, Nick. “Heirs to Fascism seek far-Right alliance with Matteo Salvini as Italy faces new elections.” The Telegraph, archived 10 February 2020. [] []

[6] Ghighlione, Giorgo. “Can Giorgia Meloni Become Italy’s Marine Le Pen?” Foreign Policy, archived 10 February 2020. [] []


  1. Adrian
    Posted February 10, 2020 at 8:57 am | Permalink

    My thanks to Fenek Solère for another excellent article, which is, dare I say, more upbeat than some of his writings!

    A peculiarity of the Italian political system of proportional representation is that it allows several rightist and leftist parties to flourish at the same time, which is why the Fratelli and the Lega are both making headway at the same time.

    t is less easy to replicate their success without imposing organisational unity by often destructive competition under less benign electoral systems.

    • Fenek Solere
      Posted February 10, 2020 at 11:03 am | Permalink

      Dear Adrian,
      Thank you for your kind words, I promise to be more upbeat in the future! I do think there is much more to celebrate than we think. Despite all the flaws in the various European systems of government we have a rising %’s of representation in many of them. The UK being a major ‘let down’ in this regard despite Brexit et al. I am hoping The Patriotic Alternative can begin to take up where parties like the 70’s NF and the early 2000’s BNP left off

      • Adrian
        Posted February 10, 2020 at 3:26 pm | Permalink

        Dear Fenek,

        You are certainly doing your bit for the cause through your writing, not least on this site. Keep up the good work!



        • Fenek Solere
          Posted February 11, 2020 at 12:03 am | Permalink

          Dear Adrian,
          This site will in the future be viewed as having played a pivotal role in our ultimate victory. Everyone who contributes with articles, comments and donations bring that moment one step closer.

  2. Posted February 10, 2020 at 9:33 am | Permalink

    Charisma-based movements have a single point of failure. If Italian populism is Salvini, then all the establishment has to do is defeat that one man.
    There’s a concept from software development called “the bus factor.” It measures how many people have to be hit by a bus for the project to be completely derailed, so a bus factor of 1 means you’re fragile – if 1 guy leaves, or is hit by a bus, God forbid, the project cannot be completed.
    The higher the bus factor, the better. Salvini populism and Trumpian nationalism currently have bus factors of 1. More to the point, we’re not seeing efforts from Trump to increase the bus factor (can’t speak about Salvini, don’t know enough).

    • Fenek Solere
      Posted February 10, 2020 at 10:57 am | Permalink

      Dear Nicholas,
      I could not agree more!

  3. Alexandra O
    Posted February 10, 2020 at 12:40 pm | Permalink

    Who were the people who elected Salvini? Why are they not more organized to support his platform, which they must have known about while he was campaigning. I voted for Trump simply for his stand on the issue of illegal immigration, and though he hasn’t been able to accomplish much because of the huge, hysterical push-back by the brainwashed Millennials in this country, we at least are seeing some progress, and I have found my voice to continually oppose immigration with daily posts. And, I’m here at Counter-Currents, since finding your books opposing immigration as well. So, I can imagine there must be an underground pushback to those protesters in the streets. We have street protests in Los Angeles at least once a month, and I don’t see anyone opposing them, though we made such a huge blunder in Charlottesville. when we were attacked by Black Lives Matter. But we must get better organized underground. I am hoping that already exists and I am just too new to the game to know about it. I sure hope so! But thanks for the informational article — we need to keep an eye on all such ‘pushback’s in Europe.

  4. Dante Marotta
    Posted February 17, 2020 at 5:35 am | Permalink

    Salvini drew 200,000 supporters to his rally in Rome a few months back despite 24/7 media calling him a Nazi etc etc etc and has won 6 of 7 regional elections in regions as varied as Umbria Sardina and Calabria. Re Emilia Romagna which is the stronghold of the Left he won 44% of that region too, That is a staggering figure which might have been seen as impossible a few yrs ago.
    Italians are rejecting Globalism.
    As for the Sardines, He will eat them in spite of dirty tricks from the Left inc the courts.

    • Fenek Solere
      Posted February 18, 2020 at 1:49 am | Permalink

      Dear Dante,
      I agree. Globalism will meet real opposition in Italy!

      • Dante Marotta
        Posted February 18, 2020 at 2:59 am | Permalink

        Thanks Fenek
        All the best.

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