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Beasts of Norway:
Breivik & Vikernes

Varg Vikernes

1,709 words

Portuguese translation here

Since the 1990s, Norway’s best-known export has been its Black Metal. When it originally erupted as a phenomenon during the early part of the decade, particularly following a series of murders and church arsons perpetrated by members of the Black Metal scene in that country, many in less Septentrional latitudes turned their eyes toward Norway for the first time. Some wondered what it was about that seemingly peaceful, beautiful, and sparsely populated country on the fringes of Europe that caused youths there develop such extremist attitudes. In Lords of Chaos, Michael Moynihan and Didrik Søderlind interpreted events from a Jungian perspective.

Now, some eighteen years later, Norway is back on the public consciousness, once again because of the violent and murderous acts committed by one of its citizens. This, some two years after one Varg Vikernes, a musician linked to the Black Metal scene, a well-known proponent of racial nationalism within the latter, and for a long time Norway’s public enemy number one, was finally released from prison, where he spent fifteen years. Anders Breivik has now come to succeed him in the throne of infamy.

Some may want to liken the two because they both desired, at the time, to provoke extreme reactions through extreme acts. Because both appear European racial nationalists. And because they also reject the status quo in a manner that is somewhat analogous, in as much as there is an antagonism toward two movements that are universalist and egalitarian, and which, from a pagan perspective, are linked, one being a secular version of the other. Vikernes rejects Christianity; Breivik rejects multiculturalism, particularly because of Islam. Predictably, their names have appeared in juxtaposition all over the internet.

Yet Vikernes is a pagan, whereas Breivik is a Christian. Thus, ideologically, for Vikernes, who sees both Christianity and multiculturalism as having Jewish origins and serving Jewish interests, Breivik remains trapped inside a closed universe, whose laws were formulated by movements that originated in the Eastern mind.

Not surprisingly, Vikernes’ criticism of Breivik parallel key observations made by Kevin MacDonald. The latter has described Breivik as ‘a Geert Wilders-type of cultural conservative, very opposed to ethnocentrism as a strategy, very positive about the Vienna School, staunchly pro-Israel (which he sees as beset by militant Islam), and very hostile toward Islam—what in the U.S. is called a neoconservative.’ MacDonald has further noted that Breivik ‘ignores the role of Jewish intellectual elites in pathologizing expressions of ethnocentrism by Europeans since WWII (particularly the Frankfurt School) and in combating the scientific basis of the legitimacy of racial/ethnic interests (Boasian anthropology).’

Vikernes finds Breivik’s blindness to the Jewish role in political, cultural, and demographic developments in Europe over the past century more than a little curious. Deeming Breivik’s acts as contemptible and wholly counter-productive, and noting his status as a Freemason (which both he and Greg Johnson see as a globalist Jewish tentacle), Vikernes speculates whether Breivik is not more than an unwitting agent. I do not favour a conspiratological interpretation.

Although both ‘beasts’ recognise that European man and civilisation are threatened by outside forces, that the threat is significant, and that action is needed, the enemy is mutually exclusive. For Vikernes, the enemy is the Jews, Christianity being a subversive force created by them, and Islam an imperialistic useful idiot in the conflict of civilisations. For Breivik the enemy is Islam, Jews and Christianity being allies—and in the latter case, at the core—of Europe. Breivik does not conceive the Knights Templars as a Gnostic ariosophical order of sacred warriors, like Miguel Serrano, founded on alchemical principles, but as religious warriors in a geopolitical conflict between Christian Europe and the Islamic East. Also, while both recognise the biological nature of the crisis, for Vikernes the problem is fundamentally spiritual, while for Breivik it seems to be geopolitical. Thus, for the musician the struggle is an inner one, while for the Freemason it is an outer one, and this is reflected in the megalomaniacal aspects of the latter’s narrative.

Thus, Vikernes’ violence, where it went beyond his disagreements with Øystein Aarseth, was what Jean Baudrillard called a ‘symbolic challenge’, which took the shape of arson attacks against emblems, or outposts, of Christianity in Northern Europe. However, the arsoned churches were empty, and Christianity long moribund; his only victim was a fellow musician, personally known to him, and the murder had nothing to do with religion, but with personal and business matters. Breivik’s violence, in turn, was directed at a mass of individuals, personally unknown to him, who comprised a political class of fellow countrymen whom he deemed agents of destruction. Vikernes attacked the symbol of a religion, but not its adherents; whereas Breivik attacked the adherents of a religion (Cultural Marxists / multiculturalists / suicidal humanists), rather than the symbol. It may be that the secular religion has no recognisable, unambiguous, iconic symbol; but the same way that for Osama bin Laden the twin towers at the World Trade Centre in New York represented a symbol of American power, and attacked them accordingly, Breivik could have attacked the symbol of Islam by, for example, drawing a cartoon opinining on Mohammed. I am not being entirely serious, of course, but, all the same, we saw some years ago how the peaceful act of an artist in Denmark who did just that came to represent a powerful symbolic challenge, although in that case it lacked direction and was therefore not successful. But a symbolic challenge to Islam may have triggered an over-reaction among Muslims in Europe that could have created some difficulties for the cultural Marxists, multiculturalists, and ‘suicidal humanists’. Then again, previous Muslim violence in Europe has had no fundamental effect on government policy with regards to immigration and Muslims already settled in the continent; Cultural Marxists and multiculturalists, although nervous at the unstable and unpredictable effects of their social experiment, remain in power.

To my mind, Vikernes’ symbolic challenge was in many ways preposterous, but in others less so. Evolutionism, scientism, economism, and their parent, materialism, had already dealt Christianity a decisive blow a long time before Vikernes came along. Thus the act ended up a youthful felony, Quixotically philosophised after the fact. Yet, in the long run, because it created curiosity and fascination with Black Metal among music fans, and because Black Metal was able stir powerful dark emotions while also providing an alternative traditionalist, elitist, mystical narrative that was appealing amid the failures of secular modernity, it served as a springboard for a vibrant subculture, which, although revolving around music, woved together traditional folk culture and a pre-existing völkisch ideology, linked by a golden thread to multiple contemporary expressions of the anti-liberal current. What is more, Vikernes himself has created work of lasting value, with eight albums released to date, and his music remains popular. Through it, and by virtue of the natural interest in, identification, and empathy it elicits among music fans with its creator, Vikernes remains influencial, directly or indirectly, and the values and ideals encoded in his music and expressed in his writing, even if the latter is read with some degree or real or pretended ironic detachment, will be partially or wholly absorbed and internalised by many, already made receptive by the psychological states induced by the music. The transformation is diffuse, gradual, irrational, largely unconscious, and not attributable to a single factor or agent. The enemy camp knows this well, and use the education system, legislation, and the mass media of news and entertainment to push in the opposite (their) direction, to effect an inverse transformation.

By contrast, I believe Breivik’s legacy will be entirely negative. Sympathy with the victims and a desire by establishment politicians to demonstrate ideological purity, combined with the culturally antithetical nature of much of Breivik’s worldview, will serve as justification for a) a strengthening of the grip of PC Stalinism, b) further displays of anti-racist ‘virtue’, c) further gestures of appeasement and accommodation toward Islam, and d) hesitation among those concerned for the future of Europe in identifying publicly with racial nationalist ideas. Furthermore, I doubt Breivik will influence anyone with his mammoth 1518-page manifesto (which but a handful will actually read), particularly given the deep and irreconciliable contradictions in his ideology, the underlying silliness, and the fact that the latter is defined by a negative conception. As evident from his video, it is mostly about the enemy, Europe (biologically and geopolitically conceived) being important only in as much as it is threatened. This contrasts with Vikernes’ ideology, which, although initially elaborated on the basis of a dislike for Christianity and what he perceived as its universalist-egalitarian-unmartial values, grew to be about Europe (biologically and spiritually conceived), Jews, Islam, and Cultural Marxists being important in as much as they threaten Europe. Thus, Breivik is—as he described himself—conservative (the negation of the new), and his talk of rebirth involves restoration; Vikernes is traditional (affirmation of the old), and any talk of rebirth involves regeneration or renewal. Affirmation is always more appealing than negation.

In any event, neither will start a revolution. In my novel, Mister, I mention Vikernes’ early link to the Norwegian Heathen Front, which in my dystopian future has become active as a political party. However, in the novel Vikernes has become a recluse, and, although do not say so, I imagined him living a quiet life, on a farm, lost in the landscape. Breivik, a regressive recycler, deceived and deceptive on more than one level, having created nothing of value, and having sown senseless death and lent his face to the discrediting of his cause, will end his days in a prison cell, labelled a ‘Right-wing extremist’, but in reality an agent and catalyst of involution, a slave of the Demiurge, if you prefer, and metaphysically a minion, or tool, of the forces of darkness in the occult war. His personal history suggests he may have ended up an agent of the forces of decay because he is its product, and therefore an insider, as opposed to an outsider—emblematic of the problem and not, as he seemed to believe, the solution.

Vikernes’ articles and essays can be found here; Breivik’s 1518-page manifesto, 2083: A European Declaration of Independence, here.



  1. Alexander
    Posted July 29, 2011 at 12:53 am | Permalink

    Alex, Interesting take. You write that “Although both ‘beasts’ recognise that European man and civilisation are threatened by outside forces” treason from within can do even more damage. I have not yet seen any pictures of the victims of either killer and would be interested in seeing some to be able to judge more whether these self appointed guardians of the race have done more genetic good or not with their actions. For myself I think it makes more sense to win people over to our side rather than kill them as in the tradition of the Bolsheviks, Clintonistas and good old Bomber Harris.

  2. Posted July 29, 2011 at 2:36 am | Permalink

    @ By contrast, I believe Breivik’s legacy will be entirely negative

    Only if cruel warriors don’t start targeting Muslim women to provoke a civil war, as Andy cites Breivik’s legacy in the other recent CC post.

    @ Furthermore, I doubt Breivik will influence anyone with his mammoth 1518-page manifesto

    Wrong: it has already inspired me, for instance with my inflammatory comment just above.

  3. K R Bolton
    Posted July 29, 2011 at 6:10 am | Permalink

    Breivik’s target, the Labour Party youth camp, had just prior to the attack been singled out by sundry US neo-con and Israeli websites as a hotbed of anti-Zionist sentiment, with the youth wing of the Norwegian Labour Party calling for a boycott of Israel. The Neo-cons and their zionist comrades also regard Norway, under Labour, as thoroughly antagonistic towards Israel. While the news media has been focusing on far Right support for Breivik’s psychopathic action, in reality Israelis have been posting about how wonderful it is that enemies of Israel, albeit fourteen year olds and similar, have been eliminated.

    From this perspective, the choice of target by Breivik makes a certain kind of ‘sense’.

    Equally as false as the media chant about Brevik and the ‘far Right’ is the description of him as a ‘Christian fundamentalist’. While these are often pro-Israel anyway, in Breivik’s case he was nothing of the kind. He referred to Christendom as being synonymous with Europe, and while this is a legitimate perspective, Breivik did not have a belief in a ‘personal Jesus’, the handful of founders of his Templars included two atheists and an agnostic, and he expounded ‘secularism’.

    As for ‘Rightist’ ideology – only if you regard, as the halfwitted media pundits do – free trade as right-wing. His ideological influences apart from the likes of Bat Ye’or, Daniel Pipes and Robert Spencer, include Hayek, Ayn Rand et al.

    He has particular praise for the English Defence League, whose demonstrtaions feature the Israeli flag, and which now has a ‘Jewish Division’ which, according to the London Jewish Chronicle, young Jews are flocking to join.

  4. John Norman Howard
    Posted July 29, 2011 at 12:09 pm | Permalink

    All this talk over Zionism!

    ABB’s favorable views on Jewish racism and their desire for their own homeland (in the proverbial ‘by any means necessary’ manner) make a lot more sense than White Nationalists whining about Jewish racism or Israel.

    We should be patting the Zionists on the back, loudly and often… and following their lead for our own version of the 14 Words.

    The only thing we should be criticizing Jews for is hypocrisy if/when they begrudge us our own Israel.

    The only alternative is for Whites to feel ashamed at our past conquests, lose heart, and go quietly into the dustbin of human history… which, come to think of it, is exactly what we are and have been doing these past three generations…

    And anyone wringing their hands over his deed and chosen target (considering that both East and West have been incinerating children for over a century) is leading the funeral march.

  5. Steelflash Ultra
    Posted July 31, 2011 at 8:25 am | Permalink

    ‘Furthermore, I doubt Breivik will influence anyone with his mammoth 1518-page manifesto (which but a handful will actually read), particularly given the deep and irreconciliable contradictions in his ideology, the underlying silliness, and the fact that the latter is defined by a negative conception.’

    This one of the primary reasons why Varg is superior to Anders, Varg did write a manifesto of sorts titled ‘Vargsmal’. It is short enough to be read in two or three sitting, but is not some huge boring mammoth read like I imagine Breiviks tome to be.

    Indeed it might be useful to suggest that Counter Currents look into procuring some copies of ‘Vargsmall’ to sell! It would fit in right along-side Savitri Devi and some of the other Right-Pagans!

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