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The Black (& White) Predicament:
Harold Cruse’s The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual (1967)

Harold Cruse in 1968

4,523 words

In 1967 Harold Cruse, the self-taught son of a railway porter, published The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual: A Historical Analysis of the Failure of Black Leadership, which caused a national stir. A Harlem activist specializing in the performing arts, Cruse criticized black intellectuals, “integrationism,” and Jewish influence over the black movement from the 1920s on.

After publication, Cruse was offered a teaching position in African-American Studies at the University of Michigan. Despite lacking even a B.A. degree, he was awarded tenure and taught there from 1968 until his retirement as professor emeritus in the mid-1980s. He died in 2005.

Despite some shortcomings, including lack of focus and failure to offer any clear ideological or programmatic alternatives to those he criticized, Crisis is a thought-provoking book whose critiques of black thought are often applicable to current flaws in white nationalist thought.


I expected Crisis to be more organized and thematically coherent than it was. A major reason for this is that Crisis is essentially a collection of loosely-connected essays, and is best viewed in that light.

Cruse calls for a “cultural revolution by a critical assault on the methods and ideology of the old-guard [Left wing, integrationist] Negro intellectual elite. The failures and ideological shortcomings of this group have meant that no new directions, or insights have been imparted to the Negro masses” (p. 99).

The Negro intellectual, whose job it is to guide the black masses, must acquire knowledge about his black historical antecedents, and “create a new synthesis and a social theory of action” (p. 565). Yet Cruse remains vague about any clear-cut alternatives of his own.

The book covers the period from the 1920s to the mid-1960s, with special emphasis upon events in Harlem, which Cruse regarded as “the intellectual and artistic capital” of black America, “the black world’s key community”: “Harlem is still the pivot of the black world’s quest for identity and salvation. The way Harlem goes (or does not go) so goes all black America” (p. 12).

In 1900, Harlem was a predominantly white community; the black influx did not assume mass proportions until 1905. But soon thereafter it was transformed into a black “city within a city.”

The conflict between integration and black nationalism permeates the book. And though Cruse claims not to reject the ends of racial integration, but only the means used to achieve it (p. 85), there is no doubt that he belongs firmly in the black nationalist camp—though not in an orthodox kind of way.

For Cruse, American Negro history is a conflict between integrationist (civil rights, racial equality, freedom) and nationalist (separatism, accomodationist self-segregation, economic nationalism, group solidarity and self-help) forces in black politics, economics and culture (p. 564).

One tantalizing Cruse proposal not fleshed out in the book: “Black Africa is an underpopulated continent. There may come a time when the race question in Africa will have to be solved by admitting specified numbers of white Rhodesians, Angolans, and South African Afrikaners into the United States, in exchange for an equal number of Afro-Americans to take their place in Africa” (p. 448).

The author particularly emphasizes the arts, especially theater, in which he was involved in Harlem. Indeed, culture and the arts seem to take precedence for him over politics, economics, and race.

A former Communist who wrote drama and literary criticism for the Daily Worker, Cruse details many intense but long-forgotten ideological feuds within obscure front organizations, or between intra-party and intra-Left factions. His thinking is to some extent conditioned by his Marxist background. Thus, he avoids racial biology, and proposals are frequently couched in vague, socially and politically sterile, top-heavy, unproductive bureaucratic collective and cooperative administrative and organizational terms.

The thoughts and activities of many famous leaders are touched upon, though never systematically developed. Frederick Douglass, Martin R. Delaney, Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. DuBois, Marcus Garvey, Langston Hughes, Paul Robeson, Malcolm X, James Baldwin (an “apologist for the Jews,” p. 482), LeRoi Jones (who Cruse knew well), Martin Luther King, Jr., and others pass before our view.

Chapters of especial interest include “Harlem Background” (pp. 11–63), “Jews and Negroes in the Communist Party” (pp. 147–70), “The Intellectuals and Force and Violence” (pp. 347–81), “Ideology in Black: African, Afro-American, Afro-West Indian” (pp. pp. 420–48), “Negroes and Jews—The Two Nationalisms” (pp. 451–75), and “Postscript on Black Power” (pp. 544–65).


Lorraine Hansberry in 1959

Cruse’s narrative is laced with attention-grabbing anecdotes and asides.

Thus, there is a profile of black playwright Lorraine Hansberry, author of the fabled “socialist-realist” Broadway drama A Raisin in the Sun (1959; movie, 1961), about a stereotypically noble and “carefully tidied up” working-class black family desirous of moving into a white neighborhood. The play was lavished with praise by the Jewish and liberal establishment, and translated into more than 30 languages.

Cruse maintains that Raisin was hyped because it served the interests of the “white liberal” (i.e., Jewish) establishment, not because of any intrinsic merit:

We shall give it an award (A for effort) and so they did, amidst a patronizing critical exuberance I would have thought impossible in the crassly commercial institution of Broadway. Not a dissenting critical note was to be heard, and thus the Negro made theater history with the most cleverly written piece of glorified soap opera I, personally, have ever seen on a stage. If this play had ever been staged by white actors it would be judged second-rate.

Lorraine Hansberry emerged like a Saint Joan of black cultural revival, sounding off in journalistic and television debates like a prophetess who had suddenly appeared carrying messages from the soul of the ‘people.'” (p. 278)

Yet Hansberry was not a product of the Negro working- or middle- classes. She was the daughter of a wealthy Chicago family that “owned thirteen slum properties” in the Negro district; in fact, she owned one herself. “This background afforded Miss Hansberry an extensive education at the University of Wisconsin, Roosevelt College in Chicago, and the University of Guadalajara in Mexico” (p. 268). She married a Jew (p. 484).

Throughout the book Cruse emphasizes that Jews in the civil rights movement—including Communist Jews—cultivated only middle- and upper-class blacks who exhibited bourgeois values, mannerisms, and lifestyles, never the black proletariat or underclass. Reading this, one cannot help but remember WASP critic E. Digby Baltzell’s analogous assimilationist ideal: black tennis star Arthur Ashe.

Cruse assailed this “middle-class puritanism that rejects the human dregs in the real social world of pimps, whores, perverts, Uncle Toms, number runners and race traitors from the purview of its practical politics: Come psychologically balanced, socially upright, and morally clean, before you are worthy to be anointed by the holy water of our revolutionary religion!” (p. 237). Which calls to mind another phrase from Cruse: “. . . the proletarians who went into the Nation of Islam to be rehabilitated” (p. 362).

We learn that Negro intellectuals—including Hansberry—hated the “black” opera Porgy and Bess (1935; movie 1959) written by Jews George and Ira Gershwin: “Porgy and Bess should be forever banned by all Negro performers in the United States. No Negro singer, actor, or performer should ever submit to a role in this vehicle again” (p. 103). Cruse does admit, however, that hundreds of working class blacks lined up to see the movie at New York theaters.

Because Cruse was oblivious to Jewish antagonism to whites, he was unable to perceive Porgy and Bess‘s function as a battering ram against white society rather than simply an ersatz expression of Negro culture. Had he fully grasped the extent of Jewish hatred for whites he might have written a far more perceptive critique than he did.

Former French Communist and convert to Islam Roger Garaudy (misspelled Garandy in the index), is best-known to contemporary white nationalists as the author of the government-censored anti-Zionist book Les Mythes fondateurs de la politique israelienne (1996) (Eng. trans. The Founding Myths of Modern Israel), for which he received a stiff fine and a suspended prison sentence in France.

But in earlier times, Cruse informs us,

The official Left line on Sartre and Camus was laid down in 1948 by the French Communist Roger Garaudy, in a pamphlet in which the work and ideas of these two writers as well as of Mauriac, Malraux and Koestler, were condemned as “Literature of the Graveyard.” This pamphlet was immediately translated into English and distributed by the American Communist movement in the middle and late 1950s. (p. 276)

There is a brief footnote in the book to the effect that Jamaican authorities in the 1960s placed Marcus Garvey’s “latter-day followers, the Rastafari cult, [on trial] for preaching Back to Africa” (p. 431).

This is somewhat misleading. Rastafarians actually worship former Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie as God incarnate—a belief presumably concocted out of marijuana-induced fantasies. However, the Jamaican-born Garvey is indeed honored as a religious prophet by the Rastafarians.

As Cruse points out, the majority of Negro intellectuals and leaders have always been integrationists strongly opposed to black nationalism.

But charismatic Back to Africa leader Marcus Garvey was a colorful exception to the rule, an unabashed proponent of black self-help and capitalism. Cruse quotes a speech Garvey made before a black audience in 1922:

When I came down here [from New York City to Raleigh, North Carolina] I had to get on a white man’s train, on a white man’s railroad. I landed in a white man’s town, came out here on a white man’s car, and am now speaking from a white man’s platform. Where do you Negroes come in? If I had depended on getting here on anything that you have furnished I would have been walking for six months.

A black newspaper attacked this speech in an editorial entitled “A Supreme Negro Jamaican Jackass,” and Cruse himself calls it “typical Garveyite pomposity and arrogance” (p. 121).

Garvey’s followers were estimated to number between 80,000 in the US and several million in the US, the West Indies, Central America, and Africa combined. His movement for worldwide unity among blacks, an African racial ingathering, and the complete rejection of integration in countries where blacks were a minority, “touched on the potential depths of sentiments so emotionally profound that Garvey had to be either supported or rejected with equal vehemence” (p. 124).

The result was an internecine black struggle, with outsiders such as Jews, Communists, and the FBI weighing in on the Destroy Garvey side. Garvey was ultimately jailed and deported to Jamaica, where he died in relative obscurity.


Cruse, possibly conditioned by his Communist background and prevailing fashions, is not a biological racialist. He weakens his case considerably by not integrating anthropological facts into his theoretical framework.

For example, there was three-way ethnic tension between “American Negroes,” the influential US community of Caribbean blacks (“West Indians”), and Africans. Intragroup relations between these factions were fraught with discord, and American Negroes generally occupied the bottom rung in the pecking order.

Also mentioned is degree of blackness (comparative darkness of skin) and its social implications, which makes Cruse extremely uncomfortable, despite the fact that he was quite black himself.

Tension between dark- and light- skinned Negroes is of course perennial. In Haiti, a mulatto elite displaced the French, only to be overthrown in turn by a darker group. And years ago the (very) dark conservative Thomas Sowell launched a barb against “light-skinned blacks” who dominate the liberal civil rights movement, causing a very angry stir.

Cruse scolds CORE’s Roy Innis (misspelled Inness in the index and Inniss in the text, despite being mentioned several times), “a [very black] West Indian nationalist,” for his awareness of blackness, and even his opposition to black “genetic destruction” through integration (p. 550). American “West Indians,” Cruse writes (he harbors something of an animus against them), “prefer their converts to be truly ‘black’ in both pigmentation and ideology. There have been several trends who [sic] have tried to exclude Negroes with non-Negroid features and straight hair” (p. 557).

This is an objective factor that a biologically aware person would not dismiss, gloss over, or morally disparage. It demands careful analysis rather than suppression or moralistic dismissal. Sure, such analysis, necessarily groping in nature, will ruffle feathers. But it should not be avoided.

But Cruse dogmatically insists all such discussions are counterproductive:

When one starts with the skin-color premise of a Roy Inniss one is, unfortunately, feeding a strong tendency within the Black Nationalist movement towards black-skin chauvinism. The American Negro group is too large and mixed with too many racial strains for the ideology of black-skin supremacy to function within the group. It can lead to the reasoning that “I’m blacker than you, and so is my mama, so I’m purer than you and your mama. Therefore, I am also more nationalistic than you, and more politically trustworthy than you and your mama, in the interests of Black Power.” (p. 556)

This outrageous caricature of blacks grappling with racial reality comes from a black-skinned, not a light-skinned, Negro! Such PC know-nothingism is fraught with future danger, as illustrated by the case of Haiti. When it comes to race and ethnicity, biological and genetic facts exist; deal with them.

Cruse sees the concerns expressed by Innis as “social” and “ethnic” rather than racial (p. 550, 557). (So what does that mean?) Yet when it suits his purpose he refers to the second Mrs. Garvey (quoting her vivid description of her husband’s love for her long, silky hair), Adam Clayton Powell, and Malcolm X as “racial hybrids.”

Despite seriously undermining his own social analysis, Cruse at least enjoyed the luxury of being wrong because black demographics differ so radically from white. Blacks are in no danger of extinction. There is no prospect that hybridization, replacement migration, miscegenation, demographic collapse, Jewish or governmental hatred, or any other factor will destroy the race. Arguably, blacks even possess greater biological capacity to assimilate members of other races.

Whites, on the other hand, cannot responsibly avoid the fact that an important part of their project is an exercise in human conservation biology, as reflected in the National Alliance’s old slogan “Save the Earth’s most endangered species—the White race.”

For it is the millennia-old genetic makeup of whites that is responsible for our unique physical appearance and psychological, spiritual, aesthetic, moral, cultural, and civilizational attributes. It is precisely this patrimony that is on the brink of disappearing. Therefore, to think in such terms represents strength, not weakness. Doing so would have strengthened Cruse’s case as well.

A final aspect of racial analysis, behavioral analysis relevant to whites as well as to blacks, is the necessity of steering clear of unrealistic expectations, or the hope that people will somehow collectively do what it might not be in their nature to do, or do things that might be unfeasible under existing conditions or against particular types of opposition.

Thus, in urging a viable black economy along the lines laid down by Booker T. Washington, Marcus Garvey, and the Black Muslims, Cruse maintains that such can be accomplished—”with the aid of attributes the Negro has never developed, i.e., discipline, self-denial, cooperative organization and knowledge of economic science.” (p. 310).

Blacks & Jews

Cruse is keenly aware of the dominant role played by Jews in the Negro movement, and its debilitating effect. Often he writes of Jews explicitly, but the majority of his generic references to “white liberals,” the “white leftwing,” “Marxist-Communist influences,” “white business in Harlem,” and so forth, are also references to Jews, as is quite clear from the context.

The interpretation of the Negro is predominantly a white liberal affair, an alliance between white Christian and Jewish reformism. Within the scope of this alliance, the resulting ideology is preeminently of Jewish intellectual origin. In fact, the main job of researching and interpreting the American Negro has been taken over by the Jewish intelligentsia to the extent where it is practically impossible for the Negro to deal with the Anglo-Saxon majority in this country unless he first comes to the Jews to get his “instructions.” (p. 260)

In language that white nationalists should take to heart, but (like Negroes) probably won’t, Cruse asserts that it is mandatory that every nationalist tendency in the Negro movement “take stringent steps” to ban Jewish influence from controlling positions. Jews “inevitably divert leadership energies, distort policies, disorient Negroes, discourage independent creative Negro thinking.” If Negro leaders do not do this, neither social revolution nor social reform will succeed (p. 263).

The parallels with white nationalism are often glaring. Substitute the words “white” or “white nationalist” for “Negro” throughout much of the book and you have a near-perfect template for whites.

“Negroes,” Cruse writes, “have either been uncritically pro-Jewish or critically tongue-tied . . . Negro intellectuals and critics allow [Jews] to deal with the Negro issue on their own terms from their position of social power” (p. 481).

Negroes truly have a Jewish problem. There are far too many Jews from Jewish organizations into whose privy councils Negroes are not admitted, who nevertheless are involved in every civil rights and American-African organization, creating policy and otherwise analyzing the Negro from all possible angles. No matter what motivates such activity [note the hint of perplexed curiosity], the Negro in America will never achieve any kind of equality until more Negro intellectuals are equipped with the latest research and propaganda techniques to move into control and guidance of every branch of the Negro movement. (p. 497)

As an experiment, let us replace a few words in Cruse (who’s speaking here of whites), added in brackets, to illustrate his narrative’s applicability to the prominent role currently played by Jews in many white nationalist publications, organizations, and political parties around the world:

Even before the average [white] attempts to undertake any action himself, he assumes, almost involuntarily, that he must not, cannot, dare not exclude [Jews], because he cannot succeed without them. He has been so conditioned that he cannot separate personal and individual associations with individual [Jews] in the everyday business world of striving and existing, from that interior business that is the specific concern of his group’s existence. . . . The American [white] has never yet been able to break entirely free of the ministrations of his [Jewish] masters to the extent that he is willing to exile himself, in search of wisdom, into the wastelands of the American desert. That is what must be done, if he is to deal with the [Jew] as the independent political power that he, the [white], potentially is. . . . If [whites] were actually thinking and functioning on a mature political level, then the exclusion of [Jews]—organizationally and politically—should be based not on hatred but on strategy. It would be much like the tradition that no one outside one’s immediate family is ever admitted into a discussion of intimate family problems. (pp. 363–65)

This, of course, is precisely what Jews do within their own ranks.

Returning to our narrative. American Jewish intellectuals

adopt as their own the martyr’s mantle of those who were nailed to the German Iron Cross. One cannot deny the horror of the European Jewish holocaust, but . . . Jews have not suffered in the United States. They have, in fact, done exceptionally well on every level of endeavor, from a nationalist premise or on an assimilated status. They have mastered the fine art of playing both ends against the “middle” of group status. . . . [T]he average Negro is not going to buy the propaganda that Negroes and Jews are “brother-sufferers” in the same boat. (pp. 482–83)

One example of playing both ends against the middle: “Jewish Communists seek to work politically with Negroes on the basis of being white Americans in the labor movement. But when ghetto Negroes attack Jewish business exploitation in the ghettoes (because they are white Americans), it is then termed anti-Semitism” (p. 52).

Cruse equates “Jewish nationalism” with Zionism, yet this “Zionism” contains two distinct strands—”Jewish trends that are [at once] pro-Zionist and anti-Jewish-integration-assimilation” (p. 484).

Of three American nationalisms, Anglo-Saxon nationalism, black nationalism, and “Jewish nationalism (Zionism),” the last

is the most highly organized of all—the most sophisticated, scholarly and intellectual, with the most highly refined propaganda techniques—and hence the most successful of the three. A study of Jewish Zionist organizational and propaganda techniques reveals that influential Zionist thought sees Anglo-Saxon nationalism in the United States as its main potential political threat. [Emphasis added.] Zionist thought also correctly sees the Negro civil rights drive for social equality and racial integration as a possible indirect threat to Jewish status, in the event that Negroes drive Anglo-Saxon nationalists into the radical rightist political camp. Hence, Jewish [nationalist] trends are forced to take a pro-Negro integration position and anti-black nationalist position. Thus, pro-Zionist influences within Negro civil rights organizations are strategically aiding and abetting Negro integration (assimilation), albeit Zionists, themselves, do not believe in integration (assimilation) for Jews. [Emphasis in original.] (p. 484)

The Media

When Cruse touches upon the role of the mass media in contemporary society he sounds like a black Marxist version of William Pierce:

Nineteenth-century capitalists might have controlled the press, but they did not have radio, television [“television sets brainwash Negroes in their living rooms day in and day out,” p. 311], film industries, advertising combines, electronic recording and computer industries, highly developed communications networks, and so forth. Nineteenth-century capitalism was an industrial system without the twentieth-century trappings of the new industry—mass cultural communications, a new and unprecedented capitalistic refinement of unheard-of social ramifications. Marx never had to deal with this monster of capitalist accumulation. Mass cultural communications is a basic industry, as basic as oil, steel, and transportation, in its own way. . . . Taken as a whole this enterprise involves what [C. Wright] Mills called the cultural apparatus. Only the blind cannot see that whoever controls the cultural apparatus—whatever class, power group, faction or political combine—also controls the destiny of the United States and everything in it. (p. 474)

Blacks & Whites

Although Jews are viewed by Cruse as blacks’ Main Enemy, whites take some hits as well. In the following passage, for example, the Jews vanish. Negro intellectuals

should tell this brainwashed white America, this “nation of sheep,” this overfed, over-developed, overprivileged (but culturally pauperized) federation of unassimilated European remnants that their days of grace are numbered. This motley, supercilious collection of refugees from “Fatherland” poverty worships daily, and only, at the altar of white Anglo-Saxon Protestant superiority. . . . America is an unfinished nation—the product of a badly-bungled process of inter-group cultural fusion. It is a nation of minorities ruled by a minority of one—it thinks and acts as if it were a nation of white Anglo-Saxon Protestants. This white Anglo-Saxon ideal, this lofty dream of a minority at the summit of its economic and political power and the height of its historical self-delusions, has led this nation to the brink of self-destruction. (pp. 455–56)

And: “The South is the main bastion of the efficacy of the dominant Anglo-Saxon ideal. There, its dominance, vis-à-vis the Negro, is most naked and persuasive” (p. 458).

The only completely outlandish claim I found in the book was Cruse’s incomprehensible belief that “the white Protestant Anglo-Saxon in America has nothing in his native American tradition that is aesthetically and culturally original, except that which derives from the Negro presence” (p. 105). “The cultural and artistic originality of the American nation is founded, historically, on the ingredients of a black aesthetic and artistic base” (p. 189).

On balance, though, Cruse does not display intense anti-white hostility. On the few occasions when he briefly mentions Gentile white liberals such as V. F. Calverton, Randolph Bourne, or C. Wright Mills, he is virtually always complimentary. In contrast, he is harshly critical of Jewish Communist overlords such as Michael Gold and Herbert Aptheker.

Cruse relates the story of Mabel Dodge, a bisexual white Leftist who in 1912 ran an elite Greenwich Village salon of whites and Jews that played a crucial role in initiating the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s.

One of the salon’s leading lights was homosexual music critic, novelist, and photographer Carl Van Vechten, the first to establish a link between Harlem and Greenwich Village cultural elites in order to promote blackness among white bohemians, intellectuals, and journalists. Van Vechten, who was Gertrude Stein’s literary executor, married a Jewish woman. He also became the leading white patron of Negro art and artists during the heyday of the Renaissance.

Dodge’s avant-garde circle consisted of both “pro-Negro” and “pro-[American] Indian” segments.

Mabel Dodge described an evening engineered by Van Vechten in which a male and female Negro danced and sang “an embarrassing song”—evidently risqué—before the select white-Jewish gathering. The performance made Dodge extremely uncomfortable, “but Carl rocked with laughter and little shrieks escaped him as he clapped his pretty hands. His big teeth became wickedly prominent and his eyes rolled in his darkening face, until he grew to somewhat resemble the clattering Negroes before him” (p. 27).

Cruse ruminates:

What was it that motivated the involvement of the white creative intellectuals of this period with Negro culture? Was it merely “pure mental interest”? Why did white intellectuals take such conflicting, but seemingly principled, positions on matters of art, culture, and race? Was it a kind of idealism peculiar to that era? Was it purely white guilt? Was it white Anglo-Saxon racial and cultural ego? Was it a duty assumed under the obligation of cultural uplift? Did these white intellectuals fully understand the implications of what they were doing? Did they have a definitive cultural goal or were they instinctively groping? Or were their motivations, taken collectively, a confused, spontaneous eclectic mixture? (pp. 31–32)

A few years later Dodge moved to Taos, New Mexico, where she established a literary colony. She married an Amerindian named Tony Luhan (she’s best known as Mabel Dodge Luhan). The marriage, Cruse says, was “not unrelated” to the writings of her friend D. H. Lawrence about Indian-white relations. Lawrence, however, “ignored Negroes in the American democratic equation.” (Dennis Hopper later wrote the script for Easy Rider in Dodge Luhan’s house.)

Cruse recognizes that whites “have not yet decided on their own identity. The fact of the matter is that American whites, as a whole, are just as much in doubt about their nationality, their cultural identity, as are Negroes” (p. 13).

Since the whites are divided into ethnic and religious subdivisions, with the Anglo-Saxons as the dominant and representative group, the Anglo-Saxon group must produce its representative radical-intellectual trend. . . .

But the Anglo-Saxons and their Protestant ethic have failed in their creative and intellectual responsibilities to the internal American commonweal. Interested purely in materialistic pursuits—exploiting resources, the politics of profit and loss, ruling the world, waging war, and protecting a rather threadbare cultural heritage—the Anglo-Saxons have retrogressed in the cultural fields and the humanities. Into this intellectual vacuum have stepped the Jews, to dominate scholarship, history, social research, etc. (p. 468)


Black author Harold Cruse grappled with the Jewish problem more honestly, forthrightly, and courageously on behalf of his people than many whites identified as racial or cultural nationalists are doing today.

Too often the latter resemble Cruse’s philo-Semitic blacks. Unfortunately, they will inflict far more damage on our people than their Negro counterparts ever did. Unlike whites, blacks were never in danger of extinction.

Despite some shortcomings, The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual, 45 years on, still contains valuable lessons for blacks and whites alike.



  1. rhondda
    Posted January 27, 2012 at 3:44 pm | Permalink

    Wow! What a great article. Thank-you. White people really have got to get over their resentment that blacks do not appreciate what ‘we’ have done for them. That is really self-defeating. It is like waiting for your child to tell you what a great parent you were. Hello? If you get that thanks, that is a bonus. Don’t expect it. They have their own problems to solve day to day. There are lots of strategies that white people can learn from minorities that try to advance their own agenda and project guilt and anger at us.
    Assuming that all people in minority groups are inferior is how we lose. Observing what they do and how they think is smart.

    • Andrew Hamilton
      Posted January 28, 2012 at 7:54 pm | Permalink

      rhondda: thank you!

      You’re right, not everything fits a stereotype; there are lessons to be learned.

  2. Petronius
    Posted January 27, 2012 at 4:02 pm | Permalink

    Fascinating stuff!

  3. Junghans
    Posted January 27, 2012 at 6:10 pm | Permalink

    A very interesting review, Andrew. It is amazing how this particular Negro not only locked onto the racial machinations of Jewry, but, even more amazing, how he sized-up the failure of the Anglo intellegentsia to protect its own vital interests; even stating how the Jews filled the Anglo vacuum!

    • White Republican
      Posted January 28, 2012 at 8:38 pm | Permalink

      It is even more amazing that “[a]fter publication, Cruse was offered a teaching position in African-American Studies at the University of Michigan. Despite lacking even a B.A. degree, he was awarded tenure and taught there from 1968 until his retirement as professor emeritus in the mid-1980s.”

      • Junghans
        Posted January 29, 2012 at 9:34 am | Permalink

        Indeed, WR, indeed!

  4. Andrew Fraser
    Posted January 27, 2012 at 8:21 pm | Permalink

    This article is a welcome effort to introduce white nationalists to the work of the preeminent “black nationalist” writer of the Sixties. As Mr Hamilton suggests, Cruse’s critique of Negro intellectuals is “often applicable to current flaws in white nationalist thought.”

    Unfortunately, Mr Hamilton’s own reductionist “biological racialism” blinds him to the fact—well understood by Harold Cruse—that white nationalism in the heyday of the White Republic was implicitly an Anglo-Saxon Protestant nationalism.

    The difference is crucial: whiteness is merely a relational identity. It acquires meaning only in relational to blacks and other non-white racial groups. Anglo-Saxon Protestants, Jews, and Negroes, on the other hand, possess an affirmative identity—whether or not they are in the presence of racial Others.

    It is important to recognize that Cruse saw America not just as a “nation of nations” but also “a nation that lies to itself about who and what it is.” For Cruse, it was obvious that even the fabled White Republic rested upon the lie that all white men are created equal.
    The American Constitution embodied the Anglo-Saxon ideal of the proposition nation. But, for that reason alone, the Constitutional Republic could only hope to preserve its Anglo-Saxon Protestant character through the cultural revolution of “Americanization.”

    America’s constitutional patriotism disguised the demographical reality that America is “a nation of minorities ruled by a minority of one”—the Anglo-Saxon Protestants. But even as Cruse wrote, the rugged individualism of Anglo-Saxon Protestant America was morphing into the other-directed ethos of the WASP organization man.

    WASPs no longer have an ethnoreligious identity to affirm. They cannot recover one by defining themselves as whites in opposition to Jews and blacks. Whites are a “bioracial” category, not an ethnonation. Negroes, Jews, and Anglo-Saxon Protestants, on the other hand, are or can become ethnonations.

    For Cruse, it was the job of Negro, Anglo-Saxon Protestant, and Jewish intellectuals to articulate who their people are, where they came from, and where they are going. He recognized clearly that only the Jewish intellectuals were doing their duty.

    I assume Andrew Hamilton is a WASP. He should follow Cruse’s advice and come out of the closet, leaving white nationalism behind in order to help his own people to regenerate a postmodern Anglo-Saxon Christian tribal identity. Intellectuals who belong to other “white” ethnic groups should do likewise.

    • Fourmyle of Ceres
      Posted January 27, 2012 at 10:08 pm | Permalink


      Andrew Fraser’s comments deserve a post of their, as they deal much more explicitly with what I see as the spiritual component of Race that makes the vertical component even possible, and that is a religion that pulls us forward.

      Andrew Fraser in blockquote:

      I assume Andrew Hamilton is a WASP. He should follow Cruse’s advice and come out of the closet, leaving white nationalism behind in order to help his own people to regenerate a postmodern Anglo-Saxon Christian tribal identity. Intellectuals who belong to other “white” ethnic groups should do likewise.

      The lack of arguments that define us in terms of what we are FOR, particularly from a metapolitical perspective, is a good part of the reason why we have been singularly unsuccessful in convincing our Racial Brethren that, well, they ARE our Racial Brethren.

      The need for a Restatement of Christianity, focusing on the Scriptures pretty much to the exclusion of the rest of the Bible, with the Christian Separatist’s Anointed Translation as a reference guide, seems all but mandated if we are to overcome the inherent contradictions between what Christianity was, and what it should have become. This could provide a unifying foundation for the metapolitical framework that will be need to return to where our Posterity could one day walk in the First Home, “Among The Stars.” (HT: Kevin Alfred Strom)

      We have always set our sights too low, and I now realize that this is not by accident.

      What’s In YOUR Future? Focus Northwest!

    • icr
      Posted January 28, 2012 at 5:44 am | Permalink

      “Unfortunately, Mr Hamilton’s own reductionist “biological racialism” blinds him to the fact—well understood by Harold Cruse—that white nationalism in the heyday of the White Republic was implicitly an Anglo-Saxon Protestant nationalism.”

      During the “heyday” a huge percentage of the American Irish and Germans didn’t care much for Anglo-Saxonism and (in the case of the Irish) Protestantism. Recall, for example, that these two groups were very reluctant to come to Britain’s aid in the two world wars. The America First Committee was the largest antiwar movement in US history.

  5. Petronius
    Posted January 28, 2012 at 7:56 am | Permalink

    “When I came down here I had to get on a white man’s train, on a white man’s railroad. I landed in a white man’s town, came out here on a white man’s car, and am now speaking from a white man’s platform. Where do you Negroes come in? If I had depended on getting here on anything that you have furnished I would have been walking for six months.”

    I have a dream, that Marcus Garvey could have been the Moses of his people. Alas, he had no God on his side. And if his people were generally of a different breed. It is easy to see why the integrationist/civil rights-line triumphed and not the Black Nationalist/separationist. Not only because Jewish and White liberals paved its way, but also because for Black activists and intellectuals it must have been an incredible temptation to take the easier way (and the paved road). With that line they could still benefit from structures Whites have created (Jim Goad likes to point out how the average living standard in the US for Blacks is infinitely higher than in Africa or any other Black-run country), and get a raise in status and political influence. By now they have a Black president, a firm place in mainstream culture and Hollywood, their MLK declared as the nation’s principal saint, the racism card always being played for their advantage, affirmative action, etc., but still not a single Black problem is being solved, but has rather gotten worse (like crime rates, drug abuse, education, racial hatred etc). Intellectuals like Cruse are not around any more, and if so would be regarded as highly politically incorrect.

    Black Nationalism would have been the harder way, and it could only have been achieved with the collaboration of White segregationist/nationalists etc.

    It is fascinating to see how Cruse noticed these patterns:

    “Thus, pro-Zionist influences within Negro civil rights organizations are strategically aiding and abetting Negro integration (assimilation), albeit Zionists, themselves, do not believe in integration (assimilation) for Jews.”

  6. Charles
    Posted January 28, 2012 at 2:48 pm | Permalink

    Interesting discussion.

    On a passing note, your comment about efforts to establish links between Harlem and Greenwich Village cultural elites in order to promote blackness among white bohemians, intellectuals, and journalists reminded me of this (banned) Betty- Boop cartoon:

    Betty Boop: Making Stars

    In it we see ‘Betty Boop’ a Jewish vaudeville emcee ironically presenting a bunch of untalented, uncouth, bungling, and generally uncivilized ethnic minorities – native Americans, Jews (little Miss Trotsky), blacks – as ‘stars of the future’ who will “outshine” all of the sucker white goyim in her audience.

    I get the impression that this cartoon is mocking the Jewish media moguls desire to elevate vulgar and talentless minorities as stars for the masses to revere. More than a half century later thse trends remain firmly in place and are no more popular than ever before.

  7. Andrew Hamilton
    Posted January 28, 2012 at 3:31 pm | Permalink

    To answer Andrew Fraser’s implied question, I am not a WASP.

    I am not English, or Anglo-Saxon.

    I was raised Protestant, but not Episcopalian or Anglican, so presumably I fall outside of the parameters there, as well.

    To further complicate matters, I am agnostic. I left the church after I was confirmed, so I’m not really Protestant.

    That leaves me with . . . white.

    “Reductionist biological racialism.” That’s not good! By definition I must be wrong—as “reductionist” implies. It is a polemical rather than objectively analytical designation. Physical anthropology and population genetics are foundational matters, starting points, not end points.

    I have long puzzled over the acronym WASP and its validity. (As opposed to, say, “white people of English descent.”) It appears to have been coined by outsiders in the 1950s. Its first use in print was by Jewish sociologist Andrew Hacker in 1957. E. Digby Baltzell popularized the term in The Protestant Establishment (1964). Some wrongly believe Baltzell coined it; even his obituary notices mistakenly reported this.

    But WASPs never called themselves that before Hacker’s and Baltzell’s usage (whence Cruse and others picked it up). Because “WASP” was concocted for the American scene, I assume the purpose of the convoluted acronym was to link Jews and Irish Catholics especially (but also lesser white and Catholic ethnics) against the remnants of the English-descended elite here. The term “Anglo-Saxon” by itself was employed to a limited extent in late 19th and early 20th century racialist writings, but also derisively in the works of Irish Catholics like Finley Peter Dunne.

    WASP is also an elusive term, with different meanings depending upon the context.

    Possibly it could serve as the basis for a viable ethno-identity. It would be an uphill battle to establish a positive, self-conscious group around it. The dwindling number of people who arguably fit the category have long been objectively anti-WASP and anti-white. (Baltzell is a good example.)

    Finally, WASP identity is more exclusive (numerically smaller) even than Wilmot Robertson’s proposed Northern + Eastern European umbrella group, which itself is rejected by most whites as too exclusive. Frankly, I don’t think there are too many unmixed (à la Richard Alba) English people left, at least in the diaspora.

    That said, I currently view “white” as the broadest, or most inclusive, category. Racially conscious WASPs such as Jared Taylor, Samuel Francis, William Pierce, and others have gravitated to “white” rather than “WASP” as their preferred identity. Unfortunately, “white” has not yet been defined, as it must be, and any attempt to explore the issue invariably provokes controversy, discomfort, and even censorship.

    The broad category “white” could encompass subsidiary groups, assuming they were viable: WASPs, Robertson’s “Majority,” a variety of Pan-nationalisms—whatever works.

  8. Andrew Fraser
    Posted January 28, 2012 at 5:17 pm | Permalink

    Well, even if Andrew Hamilton is not a WASP, Cruse’s point remains valid. WASP intellectuals owe a duty not just to their own people but also to their fellow Americans. They must proclaim the truth that the Constitutional Republic is a nation of nations.

    WASP intellectuals must stop lying about who and what they are. Their job is to articulate the identity and interests of their own ethnonation; all the more so now that it has been spiritually crippled by the WASP disease of Anglo-Saxon Anglophobia.

    It may be true—though I doubt it—that the numbers of Americans still possessed of a “pure” Anglo-Saxon Protestant pedigree is comparatively small. But mighty oaks from little acorns grow!

    Consider the role played by the Orthodox minority in providing the hard ethnoreligious core of Jewish identity.

    Over the next century, a saving remnant of Anglo-Saxon Christians could employ still-existing institutions such as the monarchy and the Anglican church as launch pads for a palingenetic project of ethnocultural renewal.

    It is easy to imagine a global network of Anglo-Saxon Christian tribes becoming a great people in the course of the twenty-first century. Is a similar destiny in store for the “white race,” as defined in objective terms by physical anthropologists and population geneticists? Not likely.

  9. Posted January 28, 2012 at 6:00 pm | Permalink

    There is so much to be said about Mr. Hamilton’s article, but I’ll limit myself to only one portion: How Jews used blacks in anti-White warfare.

    A book that clearly needs to be mentioned in this respect is E. Michael Jones’ “The Jewish Revolutionary Spirit: And Its Impact on World History.” (I highly recommend this book with its stand-alone chapters, which as a whole tell an amazing story. Get it here for only $48:

    Sorry to toot my own horn, but I did a review of the book here:

    Here is a relevant passage from my review:

    “Carry the War into Africa”: Jews and Blacks

    The setback for revolution in Europe in 1848 sent streams of failed revolutionaries elsewhere, including to America. Working with what they found on the ground in America, Jews “would attempt to remake the Negro in their own image and turn him into the avante garde of the revolutionary movement in America” (p. 643). One of the first to succeed was Ottilie Assing, a half-Jew who seduced Frederick Douglass, both sexually and intellectually.

    Jones provides by far the most extensive account arguing for Jews as the primary movers in the attempt to emancipate and revolutionize the large black minority in America to undermine white, Christian society. This story has generally been hidden, as generations of American college students can attest. Having been assigned to read Swedish Nobel Laureate (Economics) Gunnar Myrdal’s 1,480-page book An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy, they see nary a reference to the massive assistance Jews had given to blacks prior to the book’s 1944 publication. Nor does John Hope Franklin’s highly respected and continually revised 1947 tome From Slavery to Freedom: A History of American Negroes, address it any better.

    Jones devotes eight chapters (160 pages) to telling the story of the Jewish-Black alliance (which is no alliance in Jones’ account). His version is compelling given its depth of detail and the consistency of Jewish intentions: revolution. In this case, it was their plan to “carry the war into Africa” by turning American Negroes into revolutionaries.
    As Jones notes, “virtually every black leader in the twentieth century had a Jewish mentor, backer, or controller who introduced him to revolutionary ideas or organizations.” Jones sees the process as Jews “luring Blacks away from Christianity into fantasies of heaven on earth, which could only be brought about by the violence which flowed from Messianic politics.” Dostoyevsky realized this in 1877:

    The Jews . . . have already leaped en mass upon the millions of liberated Negroes and have already taken a grip upon them in their, the Jews’ own way, by means of their sempiternal “gold pursuit” and by taking advantage of the inexperience and vices of the exploited tribe. . . . the Negroes have been liberated from the slave owners, but that will not last because Jews, of whom there are so many in the world, will jump at this new little victim. (quoted on p. 691)

    “The [1909] founding of the NAACP,” Jones argues, “marked the beginning of Jewish impact on American life. . . . The NAACP was a Jewish organization, run by a board with no black representatives. . . Harold Cruse [said it was created] ‘to fight anti-Semitism by remote control’” (p. 700). Jones then shows how these revolutionary Jews recruited a black face for the movement, and thus W. E. B. Du Bois became the public face for the NAACP. What is interesting is not just the fact that such Jews used blacks as a battering ram against white rule and independence, at the same time they prevented blacks from forming a nationalistic, particularistic society of their own. 

    To wit, they mercilessly attacked Booker T. Washington, founder of the Tuskegee Institute, and his movement, using Du Bois as the main agent. Washington was destroyed by a manufactured “scandal” in which he was accused of peeping into the apartment of a white woman. “Washington, the leading black figure in America, was now associated with voyeurism and the fatal sin of sexual attraction to white women” (p. 703).

    Du Bois next moved on to the destruction of Marcus Garvey, the black nationalist Jamaican who had started a steamship line to repatriate blacks back to Africa. As the Jewish members of the NAACP wanted integration of blacks and whites in America, not segregation or repatriation, they worked behind the scenes to bring Garvey down. Garvey caught on, and his suspicions were strengthened when, after being arrested for mail fraud in 1922, he found that the presiding judge at his trial was Julian Mack, an elite German Jew “who also served on the board of the NAACP.” Garvey appealed to this apparent conflict of interest to have Judge Mack dismissed, but his request was denied. Now “he became even more convinced that he was the victim of an ‘international frame-up,’ declaring: ‘I am being punished for the crime of the Jew Silverstone [an agent for the failed shipping line]. I was prosecuted by Maxwell Mattuck, another Jew, and I am to be sentenced by Judge Julian Mack, the eminent Jewish jurist. Truly I may say ‘I was going to Jericho and fell among the thieves’” (p. 781).

    The mission of the NAACP and Du Bois was accomplished. Garvey got the maximum sentence of five years, and the push toward black-white integration had cleared another hurdle. This hypocritical strategy of pushing integration for all gentile groups while opposing it for Jews only gained steam as the century unfolded, particularly once modern Israel came into being in 1948.

    end quote

    Also, Jones has much information on the above-mentioned Lorraine Hansberry and her role as laid out by her Jewish handlers. In graduate school I studied (the approved Jewish version of) African American history, but it wasn’t worth much. Save yourself the tuition and just read Jones’ book (or subscribe to his magazine “Culture Wars,” which, I believe, will be going online soon).

    • Junghans
      Posted January 29, 2012 at 9:40 am | Permalink

      Ed, I concur, E. Michael Jones’ book is a gold mine of valuable historical insight and information.

  10. Andrew Hamilton
    Posted January 28, 2012 at 9:23 pm | Permalink

    It occurs to me that what Andrew Fraser proposes is a form of Pan-nationalism: “a global network of Anglo-Saxon Christian tribes,” a “saving remnant,” growing into “a great people.”

    I previously wrote briefly about an analogous conception proposed by Sinclair Kennedy in his book The Pan-Angles: A Consideration of the Federation of the Seven English-Speaking Nations in 1914.

    For my short summary of Kennedy’s proposal, scroll down to the subsection “The Pan-Angles” here (The world map from Kennedy’s book can be viewed online here )

    The reason I did not immediately make the connection was because Kennedy was writing at a time when it was still possible to think in terms of entire nations, whereas Mr. Fraser must address a radically changed world.

    I read Kennedy’s book in the late 1980s. Though not the most exciting or scintillating author, he the only writer I can think of off-hand who entertained a similar positive vision of worldwide Anglo-Saxon ethnic unity.

    I find Pan-nationalism inherently attractive because the thought of global intra-white panmixia such as occurred among white immigrants to America, which willy-nilly destroys historical particularities and distinctions, goes against my conservative grain.

    Mr. Fraser is correct that the (presumably or probably) small size of existing Anglo-Saxon populations is not in itself a valid argument against his idea, both for the reasons stated in his comment, and because his conception is a Pan-national one.

    Moreover, all existing separatist proposals, including the Northwest idea, are likewise dependent upon generating “ethnocultural renewal” from some “saving remnant.”

    However, I still do not understand Mr. Fraser’s apparent objection to the “white race.” In his previous comment he stated that intellectuals who belong to other white ethnic groups should behave similarly with respect to their own people. In other words, he does not appear to be suggesting that only Anglo-Saxon Protestants among whites should ride the Ark of survival into the future.

  11. Fourmyle of Ceres
    Posted January 28, 2012 at 10:24 pm | Permalink


    Andrew Hamilton in blockquote:

    Moreover, all existing separatist proposals, including the Northwest idea, are likewise dependent upon generating “ethnocultural renewal” from some “saving remnant.”

    True, on many levels.

    There are two elements that mutually sustain one another.

    First, Harold Covington’s idea that “one thousand Class ‘A’ people” could be the game changers. Think of how many Washington had at Valley Forge, and how effective they were as the foundation of the new American nation. Imagine what they could do if they had today’s technologies. Think further of how the Continental Congress met to reform the Articles of Independence, and transformed them into something of a higher political order, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, laying the foundation for Something More to come forth, in a natural, organic manner. THAT is how the metapolitical project manifested itself in one Cultural Moment.

    Second, the metapolitical foundation for the Northwest Republic seems to be a New Christianity, for the spiritual foundation of teh New Civilization. In effect, it would be Patriarchal, and would work in the weaving of the new community at all levels. Christianity has been given a pretty bad name in its transformation into the currently market product designed to geld men, Judeo-Christianity. Absent men harnessed into, and this is a simplistic term, “pushing forward team,” (only men can do this), everything softly collapses into lateral units – flat networks – versus the hierarchical networks that are responsible for actual achievement, actually moving the ball down the field.

    Such a Christianity would be based on teh Gospels, and that’s pretty much it. The Book of Revelation would complement this, by pointing to certain futures, stages of Consciousness well in advance of anything we can imagine. A new order of Priesthood could help steer the Community towards this goal, and would permeate every Institution in the Community.

    This worked in horrifically desperate circumstances for Brigham Young, so we know it CAN be done.

    Incidentally, it looks like Yockey provided the analytical perspective needed to help “Take The Gap” between the temporal manifestation of the Community, and the more abstract metapolitical order it works to fulfill.

    Food for thought here.

    Just as the Mormons had their basic theological exposition – the King James Bible, and the Book of Mormon – so, too, did they develop a series of Guiding Principles for establishing the temporal order, while keeping the metapolitical goal in mind. These were called the Doctrine and Covenants. They worked for them, then, and the Latter-Day (if you will) transformation of them into the codification of usable guidelines and principles for building the New Civilization seems entirely workable.

    The need for a new Order of Priesthood also presents itself.

    What’s In YOUR Future? Focus Northwest!

  12. Andrew Fraser
    Posted January 29, 2012 at 12:05 pm | Permalink

    Thanks very much to Andrew Hamilton for the reference to Sinclair Kennedy’s work. I hadn’t come across it before and definitely will have to check it out. The earlier piece on Pan-Nationalism places Kennedy’s book in an interesting context. And, yes, our radically altered circumstances do demand a very different approach to Anglo-Saxon ethnocultural renewal than the federation of nation-states imagined by Kennedy.

  13. anon
    Posted January 29, 2012 at 1:28 pm | Permalink

    “the Anglo-Saxons have retrogressed in the cultural fields and the humanities. Into this intellectual vacuum have stepped the Jews, to dominate scholarship, history, social research, etc”

    Very interesting. There’s always been a strong strand of anti-intellectualism in the Anglo world compared to the rest of Europe so i think he has a point.

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