Wyndham Lewis, Portrait of T. S. Eliot, 1938
Part 1 of 2
The First World War brought to a climax a cultural crisis in Western Civilization that had been developing for centuries: money overwhelmed tradition, as Spengler would have put it (or, to resort to the language of Marx, the bourgeoisie supplanted the aristocracy). Industrialization accentuated the process of commercialization, with its concomitant urbanization and the disruption of organic bonds and social cohesion. This has thrown societies into a state of perpetual flux, with culture reflecting that condition.
It was—and is—a problem of the primacy of Capital. (more…)